The key to managing heart failure is to take your medicines, make proper changes to your diet, live a healthy lifestyle, and keep your doctor’s appointments.
Your doctor will tell you how often you need to visit. But if you have any unusual symptoms, do not wait until your next appointment to discuss them with your doctor. Call your doctor immediately if you:
- Gain 2 or more pounds in 1 day or 5 or more pounds in 1 week
- Have swelling in your ankles, feet, legs, or abdomen that’s gotten worse
- Have shortness of breath that has gotten worse or is happening more often, especially if you wake up short of breath
- Feel bloated with a loss of appetite or nausea
- Are really tired or have a harder time doing daily activities
- Have a respiratory (lung) infection or a cough that has gotten worse
- Get a fast heart rate (around 120 beats per minute)
- Have a new irregular heartbeat
- Feel chest pain or discomfort during activity that gets better if you rest
- Have trouble breathing during regular activities or if you’re resting
- Sleep differently, including if you have trouble sleeping or you feel like you need to sleep a lot more than usual
- Don’t pee as much
- Feel restless or confused
- Get dizzy or lightheaded
- Feel nauseous or don’t want to eat much
Always keep the following close to your phone for easy access:
- A list of your doctors’ phone numbers
- A list of your medications and dosages, as well as any allergies you have
When Should I Seek Emergency Care for Heart Failure?
Go to your local emergency room or call 9-1-1 if you have:
- New chest pain or discomfort that’s severe, unexpected, and comes with shortness of breath, sweating, nausea, or weakness
- A fast heart rate (more than 120-150 beats per minute) — especially if you are short of breath
- Shortness of breath not relieved by rest
- Sudden weakness or paralysis (inability to move) in your arms or legs
- A sudden or severe headache
- A fainting spell with loss of consciousness
Referenced on 18/05/2021
- American Heart Association: “Heart Failure."
- Heart Failure Society of America: “Learn More About Heart Failure."