Medically Reviewed by Dr. K on 15 March 2021
What's Normal Aging?
From your heart and eyes to your skin and bones, you have a lot of control over how you feel when you get older.
Knowing what's normal when you mature and what's not, as well as learning easy measures and try to postpone or lessen the changes, will help you experience a healthy body.
Your Heart Pumps Harder
Your arteries and lungs stiffen as you grow older. To pump blood, the heart needs to function harder. High blood pressure and other heart issues will result as a result of this.
Try this: Continue to be active. Only a little light exercise each day, such as cycling, biking, or swimming, will help you maintain a healthier weight and lower your blood pressure.
To keep your heart safe, eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Take care of the pressures. Get sufficient sleep. A good night's sleep of 7 to 8 hours will aid in the recovery and healing of the heart and blood vessels.
Difference in your skin
You can notice that your skin is drier and less supple than it was previously. This is due to the fact that when you become older, your skin produces less natural oil.
You even sweat less and lose more of the fatty tissue under the skin. It can seem thinner as a result of this.
Wrinkles, age marks, and skin tags, or minor skin growths, can also be visible.
Consider the following: Taking warm baths and showers because hot water dries out the skin.
When you're outside, use sunscreen and wear reflective clothes. Check your skin regularly and mention any shifts, such as moles, to your doctor.
If you smoke, there is yet another convincing reason to quit. It causes wrinkles.
Difficulty seeing and hearing
It can be difficult for you to concentrate on items up close. For the first time, you might need reading glasses. Perhaps you experience more glare or have difficulty reacting to unexpected shifts in brightness.
You might have trouble observing conversations in a noisy environment or listening at high frequencies if your hearing is impaired.
Try this: Get your vision and hearing tested on a regular basis. When you're outside, wear sunglasses to cover your eyes. Cover your ears from loud sounds by using earplugs.
Changes in your teeth and gums
Your gums may seem to be pulled away from your teeth. Any drugs dry out your teeth. You could be more vulnerable to tooth decay and infections if you have a dry mouth.
Try this: Brush twice a day and floss once a day to remove food and plaque from under the teeth. It's the most effective way to stop gum disease and tooth loss. Visit the dentist on a daily basis for checkups and cleanings.
More brittle bones
Your bones tend to deteriorate in your 40s and 50s. They become brittle and less dense. This raises the chances of breaking a bone.
You might also find that you are getting shorter. In reality, starting in your 40s, you can lose 1 to 2 inches of height. When the discs in the spine shrink, this arises.
It's possible that the knees will get stiffer. With age, the fluid and cartilage that line the joints will diminish or wear away. Arthritis develops as the muscles between the joints deteriorate.
Test to see if you're having enough calcium and vitamin D. Dairy goods, nuts, and vegetables like broccoli and kale are all good sources of calcium in your diet. Calcium supplements can also be recommended by the doctor.
Vitamin D is important for bone health because it aids in the absorption of calcium and the maintenance of bone strength. Some people can get plenty of this mineral by spending time outdoors in the light. It's also used in fish, sardines, egg yolks, and fortified foods like milk and a variety of cereals. Consult the doctor to see if you need a supplement.
Using the bathroom
It's possible that you'll have trouble controlling your bladder. This is referred to as “urinary incontinence." It affects approximately ten percent of people aged 65 and up.
When they cough or sneeze, all of these people leak a little, but others leak a lot of urine before they can get to the toilet. Menopause may be a factor for women. An enlarged prostate in men may be the issue.
You can also note that you aren't as reliable as you once were. Some diseases, such as diabetes, can cause the bowels to slow down. Some medications can induce constipation. Medicines for high blood pressure, seizures, Parkinson's disease, and depression are among them. Constipation can also be caused by iron supplementation and narcotic pain relievers.
Try this: If you have frequent urges to “go," see the doctor. Symptoms may usually be managed or even healed.
Caffeine, alcohol, sodas, and acidic diets can also be avoided. These will aggravate the situation.
Kegel exercises will help you regulate your bladder by tightening your pelvic floor muscles. Squeeze your hands together as if you were holding your pee. Wait five seconds, then take a five-second break. Repeat this process four or five times in a row, many times per day.
Consume lots of high-fiber foods like bananas, vegetables, and whole grains to prevent constipation. Make sure you drink enough water. Try to exercise for 30minutes, 5 times a week. It will assist in regular bowel motions.
Difficulty getting around and maintaining strength
We lose muscle mass when we get older, which can lead to fatigue and decreased movement.
Consider the following: Every day, have a mild exercise, such as a fast stroll or light weight lifting. It will help with muscle function and weight. Consult a doctor to determine how much exercise is appropriate for you.
Consume plenty of fruits and vegetables, as well as lean proteins like fish and chicken. Sugar and diets rich in saturated fat can be avoided. Often, feed in fewer amounts. You actually don't need as much calories as you did previously.
Changes in sex life
The vaginal tissues of a woman grow drier, thinner, and less elastic as she reaches menopause. It has the potential to make sex less pleasurable. Breast tissue and fat loss allows breasts to appear smaller and less full.
Men can find it more difficult to achieve and sustain an erection as they get older. This may be attributed to a number of reasons, including other medical problems and medication side effects.
Consider the following: Consult the doctor. They will give you drugs to help with physical problems or to increase your appetite for women.
We won't be able to go back in time. We will, though, make the best of our bodies when we age with patience, care, and sensible lifestyle improvements.