Warning Signs To Look Out For If You Have A Hernia

It is important that you seek urgent medical advice if you have a tender bulge in the groin or severe abdominal pain associated with vomiting if you have an inguinal hernia since this could be a surgical emergency.


Warning Signs To Look Out For If You Have A Hernia

What Is An Inguinal Hernia

A hernia occurs when an internal part of the body such as the bowel pushes through a weakness in the abdominal wall. 

An inguinal hernia is the most common type of hernia. 

It can appear as a bulge in the groin or scrotum.

source - house calls

Risk Factors For An Inguinal Hernia

The most common risk factors for inguinal hernias are age (abdominal muscles become weaker), anything that increases the pressure inside the abdominal cavity such as straining if you have constipation, lifting or pushing heavy objects, and smoking (if you have a persistent cough).

Symptoms To Look Out For

Most inguinal hernias do not cause any symptoms. However, when a part of the bowel gets stuck in the hernia, it can cause pain, vomiting and the hernia will be painful to touch. This is called obstruction.

Dangerous Complications Of An Inguinal Hernia

Sometimes, the blood supply to the bowel will be compromised and this is called strangulation. It is important that you seek urgent medical advice if you have a tender bulge in the groin or severe abdominal pain associated with vomiting if you have an inguinal hernia since this could be a surgical emergency.

When the inguinal hernia is obstructed or strangulated, the Surgeon will perform an operation to unblock the bowel and restore the blood supply.

Inguinal Hernia Treatment Options And Outlook

Most asymptomatic inguinal hernias are managed conservatively by treating risk factors such as constipation with laxatives, treating underlying lung disease, losing weight, and avoiding strenuous activities. 

Inguinal hernias can be operated electively to avoid any complications in the future. This may be an open or keyhole surgery.

Sources

Referenced on 23/2/2022:

Fitzgibbons RJ Jr, Forse RA. Clinical practice. Groin hernias in adults. N Engl J Med. 2015 Feb 19;372(8):756-63

Simons MP, Aufenacker T, Bay-Nielsen M, et al. European Hernia Society guidelines on the treatment of inguinal hernia in adult patients. Hernia. 2009 Aug;13(4):343-403

LeBlanc KE, LeBlanc LL, LeBlanc KA. Inguinal hernias: diagnosis and management. Am Fam Physician. 2013 Jun 15;87(12):844-8

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