Warning Signs That You Might Be Infertile

Source – Sunshine Egg Donor Agency

Infertility occurs when you cannot get pregnant after six months to one year of unprotected, regular intercourse, depending on your age. The inability to conceive is the most common sign of infertility. 


Medically Reviewed by Dr. K on 9th Dec 2021.

Warning Signs That You Might Be Infertile

Infertility occurs when you cannot get pregnant after six months to one year of unprotected, regular intercourse, depending on your age.

The inability to conceive is the most common sign of infertility. Other symptoms may or may not be present.

Symptoms vary depending on the cause of infertility. Many health issues may make it difficult to conceive. There are instances when no reason can be identified.

Signs of Potential Infertility in Women

Changes in the menstrual cycle and ovulation in women may be a sign of an infertility-related illness. Among the signs and symptoms are:

  • Abnormal periods. Bleeding is more intense or less intense than average.
  • Irregular periods. Each month, the number of days between each cycle changes.
  • No periods. You haven't had a period in a long time, or your periods have abruptly stopped.
  • Painful periods. Backache, pelvic discomfort, and cramps are all possibilities.

Female infertility is sometimes linked to a hormonal imbalance. Symptoms in this instance may also include:

  • Changes in the skin, including an increase in acne.
  • Changes in sexual desire and arousal.
  • Dark hair growth on the lips, chest, and chin.
  • Hair loss or hair thinning.
  • Gaining weight.

Other signs and symptoms of diseases that may cause infertility are:

  • Milky white discharge from the nipples unrelated to breastfeeding.
  • Painful sexual intercourse

Infertility in women may be caused by various factors, each with its own set of symptoms.

Signs of Potential Infertility in Men

Men's infertility symptoms may be ambiguous. They may go undetected until a guy attempts to conceive.

Symptoms vary depending on the cause of infertility. They may include the following:

  • Hair growth changes.
  • Sexual desire changes.
  • In the testicles, there may be pain, a lump, or swelling.
  • Erection and ejaculation difficulties.
  • Testicles that are small and hard.

When to See the Doctor

Consult your doctor if you are under 35 and have been trying to conceive for a year without success. After six months of attempting, women aged 35 and above should visit their doctor.

You may use blood, urine, and imaging tests to determine why you're having difficulty becoming pregnant. A sperm analysis may be used to determine a man's sperm count and general sperm health.

Your doctor may recommend a reproductive endocrinologist. A fertility specialist is a doctor who specialises in infertility. You'll be asked about your infertility symptoms as well as your medical history.

Write down the following information before going to the doctor and bring it with you to your next doctor's appointment:

  1. Prescriptions, vitamins, minerals, supplements, and any other medicines purchased without a prescription are included.
  2. How often you have unprotected intercourse, how long you've been trying, and when you last attempted to conceive.
  3. Changes in your body or other signs you've observed.
  4. Dates of any previous operations or procedures, particularly those affecting the reproductive system.
  5. You've undergone any radiation or chemotherapy.
  6. How much you smoke, how much alcohol you consume, and whether or not you take illicit drugs.
  7. If you have a history of sexually transmitted diseases, tell us about them (STDs).
  8. Any genetic condition or chronic sickness in you or your families, such as diabetes or thyroid disease.

Pay attention to your body. Any time you detect a symptom, notify your doctor. Early detection of an infertility issue may increase your chances of becoming pregnant.

Sources

References:

  1. Carey, W.D., ed. Cleveland Clinic: Current Clinical Medicine 2010, 2nd edition, Saunders Elsevier, 2010.
  2. Ferri, F.F., ed. Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2012, 1st edition, Mosby Elsevier; 2011
  3. Jose-Miller, A.B. American Family Physician, March 15, 2007.
  4. National Infertility Association web site: “Infertility FAQs."
  5.   https://www.webmd.com/infertility-and-reproduction/guide/understanding-infertility-symptoms

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