Street Drugs

Medically Reviewed by Dr. K on 17 March 2021

Street Drugs: Know the Facts and Risks

When you take street drugs, you’re taking a variety of risks. The medications are dangerous because there’s generally no means of telling how active they are or what else could be in them. It’s much riskier to mix them with other medications like alcohol or marijuana.

The following is a list of popular street drugs and the health problems they can trigger.

 

Cocaine

This medicine is used in a number of ways. The powder form may be snorted or injected into the bloodstream by the patient. Crack is a crystal component of the substance that is smoked and absorbed into the lungs into the bloodstream.

Blow, Bump, C, Candy, Charlie, Coke, Crack, Flake, Rock, Snow, or Toot are several other names for it.

 
What kind of medication is it?

Cocaine is a stimulant obtained from the coca plant that is strongly addictive. Crack cocaine, on the other side, is much more addictive.

 
What are the consequences?

It causes the brain to produce dopamine, which makes you feel good. The high is powerful yet fleeting, prompting users to do it repeatedly in an attempt to prolong the sensation.

The below are the dangers:

  • Rapid heart rate
  • High blood pressure
  • A rise in body temperature
  • Nausea and stomach discomfort
  • Loss of appetite
  • Heart disease
  • Death
  • Stroke
  • Loss of smell
  • Nosebleeds
  • Swallowing difficulty
  • The likelihood of developing HIV and hepatitis C due to sharing needles and other drug supplies raises the
  • Premature abortion, low birth weight, birth abnormalities, and a baby born addicted to the opioid if taken during pregnancy.

Ecstasy

This medication is commonly taken by mouth as a pill or tablet. It’s even possible to snort it or inject it into a vein.

MDMA or Molly is another name for it.

 
What kind of medication is it?

This is a hallucinogen and stimulant produced by humans.

 
What are the consequences?

Serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine are among the substances that ecstasy raises in the brain. It boosts your attitude and helps you feel more connected to others. Users experience feelings of euphoria and an increase in energy.

However, after the medication wears off, it may trigger confusion, depression, anxiety, and sleep issues.

Its physical effects on the body are identical to those of other stimulants such as cocaine and amphetamines. Among the results are:

  • Rapid heart rate
  • High blood pressure
  • Muscle tension
  • Nausea
  • Blurred vision
  • Dizziness
  • Sweating
  • Shivering

Heroin

Heroin is available in two forms: a white or tan concentrate and a black sticky drug known as “black tar heroin." It may be injected, inhaled, or smoked.

It’s also known as Brown Sugar, China White, Dope, H, Horse, Garbage, Skag, Skunk, Smack, and White Horse.

 
What kind of medication is it?

It’s an opioid extracted from the herb of the opium poppy. It is particularly addictive due to its rapid absorption into the brain.

 
What are the consequences?

A rush of euphoria is accompanied by a dry mouth, heaviness of the arms and legs, and fuzziness in the head.

Heroin misuse has the ability to be lethal. Simultaneous use of sedatives or alcohol, use of opioid pain relievers, and previous abstinence with relapse are all risk factors for overdose.

It may also lead to:

  • Veins that have collapsed
  • Infections of the Skin
  • Problems in the digestive system, most commonly constipation
  • Kidney disease
  • Impaired breathing, which is the main cause of coma, brain injury, and death
  • The likelihood of developing HIV and hepatitis C due to sharing needles and other drug supplies raises the
  • Premature abortion, low birth weight, birth abnormalities, and a baby born addicted to the opioid if taken during pregnancy.

LSD

This medication gained popularity in the 1960s and continues to be widely used today. It’s produced from a fungus that spreads on rye and other grains and produces acid.

It’s also known as Acid, Blotter, Doses, Hits, Microdots, Sugar Cubes, Rides, Tabs, and Window Panes.

 
What kind of medication is it?

It’s a hallucinogen.

 
What are the consequences?

It allows the person to see, hear, and feel things that aren’t true. Trips are long-lasting hallucinations that can last up to 12 hours.

Dilated eyes, elevated pulse rate and blood pressure, sweating, reduced appetite, dry mouth, and shakiness are all physical symptoms of LSD.

Marijuana

Despite its recent legalization for medicinal treatment in several countries, it is the most commonly used illicit substance.

The dried leaves, buds, roots, and seeds of the hemp (Cannabis sativa) plant are referred to as marijuana. Marijuana is mostly smoked, but it may also be consumed by adding it to foods.

It’s also known as Blunt, Bud, Dope, Ganja, Grass, Green, Herb, Joint, Mary Jane, Pot, Reefer, Skunk, Smoke, Trees, Weed, Ashish, Boom, Hash, and Hemp are several of the terms used to describe marijuana.

 
What kind of medication is it?

It has stimulant and depressant effects, as well as hallucinogenic properties.

 
What are the consequences?

Marijuana includes the chemical THC, which interacts with various sections of the brain to provide the “rush" that patients feel, including shifts in sensations, mood, body motions, thought, and memory.

Marijuana consumption on a daily basis may have a detrimental impact on brain function and contribute to neurological difficulties. For certain individuals, it may become addictive, and it may also induce severe health conditions such as respiratory difficulties, elevated heart pressure, and a greater chance of heart disease, as well as stress, anxiety, and suicidal thinking. Strong MJ usage has been related to cognitive disability and psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia in young adults. Chronic use, on the other hand, has not been linked to severe medical problems in adults.

Methamphetamines

Meth is a white substance that is ingested, smoked, snorted, or injected by patients. It’s made up of a mixture of dangerous chemicals and pseudoephedrine, a popular component in cold prescriptions.

It’s also known as Chalk, Crank, and Ice are also examples of crystal meth.

 
What kind of medication is it?

It’s a stimulant.

 
What are the consequences?

Meth causes an intense high that disappears rapidly. As a consequence, people often take it, again and again, rendering it somewhat addictive. Some stimulants, such as cocaine and amphetamines, have similar physical results.

Among the results that can be generated are:

  • Increased rate of breathing
  • Rapid heart rate
  • High blood pressure
  • A rise in body temperature

Meth can cause excessive weight loss, skin sores, and serious dental problems if used repeatedly over time. Anxiety, confusion, insomnia, hallucinations and delusions, and hysteria are common symptoms of chronic offenders. When exchanging needles and other injection supplies, injecting the drug will increase the chance of contracting HIV or hepatitis.

It may induce premature abortion, low birth weight, birth abnormalities, and a baby born addicted to the opioid if taken during pregnancy.

Mushrooms

To get a buzz, psilocybin and peyote mushrooms are ingested, brewed into a drink, or added to foods. Physical dependency is rarely present for hallucinogens, hence the presence of cravings.

They’re also known as: Boomers, Little Smoke, Magic Mushrooms, and Shrooms are all characters in the game Boomers, Little Smoke, Magic Mushrooms, and Shrooms.

 
What kind of medication is it?

Psilocybin, a hallucinogen present in many varieties of mushrooms, is the active ingredient.

 
What are the consequences?

The symptoms begin to appear after around 20 minutes and can last up to 6 hours. Mushrooms, like LSD, can induce hallucinations, altered perceptions of time, and an inability to distinguish what is true from what is really not.

Panic, psychosis, and flashbacks may occur after taking large doses or doing drugs for an extended period of time. They may also induce dilation of the pupils, nausea, and vomiting.

Salvia

This drug is produced from a mint-family herb that is common in areas of Mexico. Its leaves are chewed or smoked by users.

It’s also known as Maria Pastora, Diviner’s Sage, Sally-D, and Magic Mint.

 
What kind of medication is it?

It’s a hallucinogen.

 
What are the consequences?

The effects of the medication are powerful but short-lived, beginning within 5 to 10 minutes and lasting about 30 minutes. Changes in vision, temperament, thoughts, and body experiences are among the hallucinogenic symptoms.

The health consequences of salvia are unknown, though animal tests suggest it can affect learning and memory. While the Opioid Enforcement Agency would not deem salvia to be a prohibited drug, some countries have made legislation prohibiting its use.

Spice

It looks like potpourri and is made up of assorted plants and chemicals. It can be smoked like tobacco or turned into a medicinal tea-like cocktail.

It’s also known as Bliss, Bombay Blue, Fake Marijuana, Fire, Genie, K2, Moon Rocks, Skunk, Smacked, Yucatan, or Zohai.

 
What kind of medication is it?

Cannabinoid that has been synthesized.

 
What are the consequences?

Spice contains compounds that function on the same brain areas as THC, the psychoactive agent of the pot. As a result, the effects are very similar, such as a sense of happiness and relaxation. Spice, on the other side, produces compounds that may have a greater influence.

Extreme anxiety, hysteria, and hallucinations have also been documented by users.

Spice will also have the following side effects:

  • Rapid heart rate
  • Vomiting
  • Confusion
  • Convulsions or seizures
  • High blood pressure
  • Heart attacks

Bath Salts

These designer drugs were just recently introduced to the market and quickly gained popularity. This may be due to the fact that they were simple to obtain and used to be difficult to find in drug tests.

They come in a crystalline substance that people can swallow, inhale, or inject, and they’re extremely addictive.

Bath salts, despite their name, are nothing like the products you’d use to soak in the bath.

They’re also known as Plant Food, Bloom, Cloud Nine, Ivory Wave, Lunar Wave, Scarface, Vanilla Sky, or White Lightning.

 
What kind of medication is it?

Bath salts include cathinones, which are synthetic stimulants identical to amphetamines.

 
What are the consequences?

These stimulants raise dopamine levels in the brain and may trigger sensations of euphoria.

Other people compare the symptoms of drugs or methamphetamines. However, they’re much more prone to have significant health repercussions, such as:

  • Agitation
  • Hallucinations
  • Violence
  • Paranoia
  • Psychosis
  • Rapid heart rate
  • High blood pressure
  • Chest pain
  • Panic attacks
  • Dehydration
  • Kidney failure
  • Death

Flakka

Bath salts are identical to this designer drug. It’s a pale-colored crystal that people chew, snort, inject, or vaporize using an electronic cigarette unit.

Because of its color, it is often referred to as Gravel.

 
What kind of medication is it?

It produces synthetic cathinone, much like bath salts.

 
What are the consequences?

The substance has a stimulant-like influence, but it may also induce anxiety, hallucinations, aggression, and self-harm. Heart attacks, suicide, and kidney injury or failure have also been related to it.

Krokodil

Widespread in Russia among young adults as a cheaper substitute for heroin. It is a man-made version of morphine with a tenfold increase in potency.

It includes codeine, paint thinner, as well as other toxic chemicals.

They administer it into the bloodstream, and it takes place rapidly.

It is also occasionally spelled as Crocodyl.

 
What kind of medication is it?

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug,

 
What are the effects?

The pronunciation of Krokodil refers to the crocodile-like look it makes on the skin. As time passes, it eventually allows the skin to turn green and thickened. The harm could lead to tissue death, then gangrene, which can result in amputation and even death.

Sources

Referenced on 2.3.2021:

  1. Drug Enforcement Administration: “Desomorphine,” “Salvia Divinorum and Salvinorin A.”
  2. National Institute on Drug Abuse: “Commonly Abused Drugs Charts,” “MDMA (Ecstasy or Molly),” “Synthetic Cathinones (“Bath Salts”),” “Cocaine,” “Flakka,” “Heroin.” “Common Hallucinogens and Dissociative Drugs,” “Hallucinogens-LSD, Peyote, Psilocybin, and PCP,” “Marijuana,” “Methamphetamine,” “Salvia,” “K2/Spice (“Synthetic Marijuana.”).”
  3. Narconon International: “Effects of Cathinones Abuse,” “Dealing with Cocaine, its Damaging Effects and Addiction.”
  4. New York State Office of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services: “FYI “Krokodil.”
  5. https://www.webmd.com/mental-health/addiction/street-drugs-risks#1

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