Knee Injury Treatment

Call 911 if:

  • The knee or leg bones look deformed.
  • The person can’t bear weight on the leg.
  • The pain is extreme.
  • There is immediate swelling, tingling, or numbness below the knee.


  1. Control Swelling

Use the RICE method:

  • Rest the knee.
  • Ice the area.
  • Compress with a wrap or elastic sleeve.
  • Elevate the knee as much as possible.


  1. Treat Symptoms

  • For pain, give over-the-counter pain medication such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen.


  1. When to Call a Doctor

  • Make an appointment with a doctor if you still have pain after two weeks of home treatment, if the knee becomes warm, or if you have fever along with a painful, swollen knee.


  1. Follow Up

  • If you seek medical help, the doctor will examine the knee and may do X-rays or other methods of imaging. Medical treatments may include anti-inflammatory drugs, draining fluid, physical therapy, crutches or braces, or surgery.


Referenced on 24/05/2021

  2. Merck Manual: “Knee Injuries."
  3. McKinley Health Center, University of Illinois: “Overuse Knee Injuries."
  4. KidsHealth: “Knee Injuries."
  5. “Knee Problems."
  6. Knee Injury Information from eMedicineHealth.

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