How to Treat Your Child’s Earache

Table of Contents:

  1. How to Treat Your Child’s Earache
  2. Ear Conditions
  3. Ear Tests
  4. Ear Treatments

How to Treat Your Child’s Earache


The ear is divided into three sections: exterior, central, and inner. The pinna, or outer ear, is made up of ridged cartilage that is coated with skin. The pinna directs sound through the external auditory canal, a narrow conduit that leads to the eardrum (tympanic membrane). 


The eardrum and its small connected bones in the middle portion of the ear vibrate in response to sound, and the sounds are sent to the surrounding cochlea. The cochlea is a spiral-shaped organ in the inner ear that converts sound into nerve impulses that pass to the brain. 


The inner ear’s fluid-filled semicircular canals (labyrinth) attach to the cochlea and nerves. They give details to the brain about posture and head location. Fluid from the middle ear flows through the throat (pharynx) through the nose into the eustachian (auditory) channel.

Ear Conditions


  • Earache:Ear pain may be caused by a variety of factors. Some of these are extreme, although others aren’t.
  • Otitis media (middle ear inflammation):The middle ear is inflamed or infected (behind the eardrum). In most cases, an illness is to blame.
  • Swimmer’s ear (Otitis externa): The outer ear is inflamed or infected (pinna and ear canal). Infections are the most common cause of acute otitis; recurrent otitis is often caused by a skin condition (dermatitis).
  • Meniere’s disease: A condition in which one hand of the inner ear malfunctions. Vertigo, tinnitus, hearing loss, and pain are common symptoms.
  • Tinnitus: One or both ears are ringing. Typically, this is due to noise-induced disruption or ageing.
  • Cerumen (ear wax) impaction:Ear wax has the potential to block the ear canal and bind to the eardrum. Hearing is hampered by the eardrum’s diminished movements.
  • Ruptured eardrum: The eardrum may be torn by very noisy sounds, abrupt increases in air quality, infection, or foreign artefacts. In certain cases, the tiny hole heals within a few weeks.
  • Acoustic neuroma: A harmless tumour that develops on the nerve that connects the ear to the brain. Symptoms include hearing loss, vertigo, and tinnitus.
  • Mastoiditis: Mastoid bone infection, right above the jaw. Untreated middle ear infections may lead to mastoiditis.
  • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV): The inner ear’s function is disrupted, resulting in vertigo attacks. Its effects may be distressing, notwithstanding the fact that it is not medically dangerous.
  • Cholesteatoma: This is a completely harmless state. The pathological accumulation of skin inside the middle ear and adjacent bones is known as otiosynovitis. Hearing deficiency is often accompanied by a foul-smelling discharge. In order to avoid hearing damage, the disorder normally necessitates surgery.


Ear Tests


  • Ear exam: Looking at the ear is also the first indicator for an ear infection. An otoscope is a gadget that allows you to see the drum within the ear canal.
  • Auditory testing: An audiologist uses noises of different pitch and frequency to test a person’s hearing in each ear.
  • Computed tomography (CT scan):A CT scanner creates photographs of the ears and surrounding objects using X-rays and a monitor.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging: A scanner provides high-resolution photographs of the ears and surrounding objects by using radio waves in a magnetic field.

Ear Treatments

  • Antibiotics: Antibiotics (in the form of pills or ear drops) might be needed if an ear infection is caused by bacteria.
  • Cerumenolytics (ear-wax drops): Drops of mineral oil or hydrogen peroxide and water, as well as other preparations, may be used to loosen impacted wax.
  • Irrigation (lavage): Any cerumen impactions may be treated with gentle irrigation of the ear canal with salt water and diluted hydrogen peroxide.
  • Antihistamines: Histamine antagonists provide a soothing affect on the inner ear, which helps to relieve vertigo symptoms.
  • Surgery: An acoustic neuroma can require surgery to be removed. Children who get ear infections sometimes can need surgery to insert drainage tubes.
  • Positional exercises: Certain workout routines can make the ions in the inner ear shift about, which can help with BPPV symptoms.

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