Food Poisoning Treatment

Call 911 if:

You think the food poisoning may be from seafood or wild mushrooms.
The person is severely dehydrated.

1.Control Nausea and Vomiting

  • Avoid solid foods until vomiting ends. Then eat light, bland foods, such as saltine crackers, bananas, rice, or bread.
  • Sipping liquids may help avoid vomiting.
  • Don’t eat fried, greasy, spicy, or sweet foods.
  • Don’t take anti-nausea or anti-diarrhea medication without asking your doctor. They have side effects and may make some kinds of diarrhea worse. Your doctor may give you anti-nausea medication if you are at risk of being dehydrated.

2. Prevent Dehydration

  • Drink clear fluids, starting with small sips and gradually drinking more.
  • If vomiting and diarrhea last more than 24 hours, drink an oral rehydration solution.

3. When to Call a Doctor

Call a doctor immediately if symptoms last more than 3 days or you have:

  • Severe belly pain
  • Fever
  • Bloody diarrhea or dark stools
  • Vomiting that is prolonged or bloody
  • Signs of dehydration, such as dry mouth, decreased urination, dizziness, fatigue, or increased heart rate or breathing rate

Sources

  1. https://www.webmd.com/first-aid/food-poisoning-treatment
  2. Merck Manuals Online Medical Library: “Chemical Food Poisoning.”
  3. Cleveland Clinic: “Nausea and Vomiting.”
  4. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: “Bacteria and Foodborne Illnesses.”
  5. WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise: “Food Poisoning and Safe Food Handling – Topic Overview.”
  6. eMedicineHealth: “Food Poisoning."

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