1. Maintain a clean face.
It's important to wash your face twice a day, whether or not you have acne, to remove impurities, dead skin cells, and excess oil from your skin's surface. Washing more than twice a day isn't necessarily better; it may potentially be harmful. Using a gentle facial cleanser and soft, not acidic, water. Using a harsh soap (such as deodorant body soap) will irritate already inflamed skin more.
Scrubbing the skin with a washcloth, an exfoliating glove, or a loofah is not advised (a coarse-textured sponge). Clean it gently with a warm cloth or your fingertips. Always rinse well before patting your face dry with a clean towel.
Wash towels frequently as they can spread bacteria.
Since certain acne remedies contain additives that dry out the skin, do use a moisturiser that helps to avoid dryness and peeling. On the bottle label, look for the words “non-comedogenic," which means it won't cause acne. Moisturizers are available for oily, dry, and mixed skin types.
3. Try over-the-counter acne products.
There is no need for a prescription for these acne medications. Most of them include antibacterial ingredients including benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, glycolic acid, or lactic acid, which dry out the face. Start with a small amount at first because they can induce drying or peeling. Then you can change how often and how much you use it. A new OTC topical retinoid gel is another alternative (Differin 0.1% gel). It actually acts to prevent acne from developing. If you have sensitive skin, use these ingredients with caution.
4. Reduce makeup use.
Wearing foundation, powder, or blush during a breakout should be minimized. If you do wear makeup, make sure you remove it at the end of the day. Choose oil-free makeup with no added dyes or additives if at all possible. Make sure the makeup is “noncomedogenic," which ensures it won't clog the pores. Before purchasing a product, read the ingredient list on the package.
5. Beware of hair product ingredients.
Keep away from fragrances, oils, pomades, and gels in hair products. They will clog your pores and irritate your skin if they get on your face. Use a shampoo and conditioner that are gentle on the scalp. Wash your hair regularly, particularly if you're breaking out, because oily hair will add to the oil on your face. Do you have a lot of hair? Keep it away from your face at all times.
6. Keep your hands off your face.
Avoid touching your face or popping your pimples. You can not only spread bacteria, but you can also irritate the already inflamed skin on your face. Picking or popping pimples with your fingers can cause infection and scarring.
7. Reduce sun exposure.
UV rays from the sun will worsen inflammation and redness, as well as induce post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (dark discoloration). Any acne drugs can make the skin more photosensitive. Wear protective clothes, such as a long-sleeved shirt, trousers, and a broad-brimmed hat.
Apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen of 6% zinc oxide or higher and SPF 30 or higher at least 20 minutes before sun exposure, whether or not you have pimples. To minimise the risk of developing pimples, look for the term “noncomedogenic" on the sunscreen bottle. To see what you're putting on your face, read the product label's ingredients.
8. Watch your diet.
The majority of experts believe that certain foods, such as chocolate, do not cause pimples. Even, it's a better idea to cut down on greasy foods and junk food while increasing the consumption of fresh fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Acne can be triggered by dairy products and foods high in refined sugar. These should be avoided.
9. Exercise daily.
Regular activity is beneficial to the whole body, including the skin. Stop wearing clothes or using exercise equipment that is abrasive on skin and creates discomfort when you exercise. After your workout, take a shower.
Stress has been linked to the severity of pimples or acne in some studies. Evaluate what is triggering you to be stressed. Then maybe you should consider other options to reduce stress. If you're uncertain, visit a dermatologist to see if you need further medication to prevent or treat acne.
Referenced on 2.3.2021:
- Stathakis. V. Australasian Journal of Dermatology, 1997.
- Nguyen, Q. American Family Physician, 1994.
- Chiu, A. Archives of Dermatology, 2003.
Teenagers Today.com website: “Best Face Forward."
- About.com web site: “Acne … Pimples … and Zits, Oh My!"