9 Sun Safety Tips for Your Skin

Medically Reviewed by Dr. K on 12 May 2022

9 Sun Safety Tips for Your Skin

The sun's rays are pleasant to look at, but they are not kind to your skin. Though you won't notice them right away, they cause wrinkles and age spots, as well as being the leading cause of skin cancer.

The sun's ultraviolet (UV) radiation damages elastin fibres in the skin over time. The skin starts to sag and stretch as these fibres break down. It is also more prone to bruises and tears, and takes longer to recover.

Freckles, rough texture, white spots, skin yellowing, and discoloured areas of the skin can all result from spending too much time in the sun (which doctors call “mottled pigmentation"). It may also expand tiny blood vessels under the surface of the skin.

9 Ways to Protect Your Skin

  1. Sunscreen should be applied every day, in all weather conditions, and at all times of the year. It should have a minimum sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 and the term “broad-spectrum" on the bottle, indicating that it protects against UVA and UVB rays from the sun. Apply it 15 minutes before going outside. Use 1 ounce, which is enough to fill a shot glass.
  2. Reapply sunscreen every 80 minutes, or more frequently if you're swimming or sweating.
  3. Wear sunglasses that have 100% UV protection.
  4. Long-sleeved shirts and trousers, as well as wide-brimmed hats, are recommended.
  5. Around 10 a.m. to 2 p.m., during the hottest time of day, stay out of the heat as much as possible.
  6. Regularly examine your skin to determine what is normal for you and to detect any changes or new growths.
  7. UV-protective makeup and contact lenses should be used. Sunscreen and sunglasses with broad-spectrum UV protection are still needed.
  8. Protect your child's skin and practice those habits together if you're a mum.
  9. Avoid tanning beds if at all possible.

Sources

Referenced on  27/4/2021

  1. American Academy of Dermatology.
  2. CDC: https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/skin/basic_info/sun-safety.htm#:~:text=For%20the%20most%20protection%2C%20wear,may%20offer%20more%20UV%20protection.
  3. Benefits of moderate sun exposure. (2017).
    health.harvard.edu/family-health-guide/benefits-of-moderate-sun-exposure
  4. Mead MN. (2008). Benefits of sunlight: A bright spot for human health. DOI:
    1289/ehp.116-a160
  5. Newton-Bishop J, et al. (2011). Relationship between sun exposure and melanoma risk for tumours in different body sites in a large case-control study in a temperate climate. DOI:
    1016/j.ejca.2010.10.008
  6. Skin cancer facts & statistics. (2019).
    skincancer.org/skin-cancer-information/skin-cancer-facts
  7. UV index: Information. (n.d.).
    cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/stratosphere/uv_index/uv_clouds.shtml
  8. https://www.webmd.com/beauty/sun-safety-tips 

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