6 Things You Should Be Aware Of Concerning Type 2 Diabetes

6 Things You Should Be Aware Of Concerning Type 2 Diabetes
Source – Everyday Health

Diabetes is one of the most common health conditions around the world and in the United States. About 8.5 percent of adults worldwide and 9.3 percent of all Americans live with the condition.


6 Things You Should Be Aware Of Concerning Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes is one of the most common health conditions around the world and in the United States. About 8.5 percent of adults worldwide and 9.3 percent of all Americans live with the condition. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form you may have heard of, but you might be surprised by what you still don’t know. Ongoing research in recent years has improved diagnosis, treatment, and knowledge about type 2 diabetes, allowing for better prevention and management. Here are six things everyone should know about type 2 diabetes. 

Source - The New York Times

It Is A Chronic Condition For Which There Is Presently No Treatment

Diabetes, simply described, is a condition that arises when your body has difficulty controlling its blood sugar levels. It is caused by the body’s inability to produce or utilise insulin, a hormone responsible for blood sugar control. Either your body does not make enough or any insulin, or your cells are resistant to insulin and are unable to utilise it efficiently. If your body is unable to utilise insulin to digest glucose, a simple sugar, it will accumulate in your blood, resulting in hyperglycemia. Cellular resistance prevents the different cells in your body from receiving the energy they need to function properly, resulting in further issues. Diabetes is a chronic disease, which means it persists for an extended period of time. Because there is no cure for type 2 diabetes at the moment, it requires careful treatment and, in some cases, medication to maintain blood sugar levels within the ideal range.

It Is Becoming More Prevalent, Particularly Among Young People

The global diabetes numbers have increased from 108 million in 1980 to 422 million in 2014, with type 2 diabetes accounting for the majority of cases, according to the World Health Organization. Even more troubling is the fact that type 2 diabetes was formerly primarily diagnosed in adults but is now being diagnosed in a growing number of young individuals. This is probably because type 2 diabetes is associated with an increased body mass index (BMI) and obesity, both of which are becoming increasingly prevalent among younger people today.

It May Go Undiagnosed For Years

Numerous cases of type 2 diabetes go undetected due to a lack of symptoms or a failure to identify them as being caused by diabetes. The causes of symptoms such as weariness, increased appetite, and increased thirst are sometimes difficult to pin down and may develop slowly, if at all. As a result, it is essential to get tested. Anyone 45 years of age or older should be examined for diabetes, much more so if they are overweight. If you are overweight and under the age of 45, you may try to go for testing, since obesity is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Moreover, the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases offers a free diabetes risk test to determine your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

If Left Uncontrolled, It Might Result In Catastrophic Consequences

Type 2 diabetes, if left undetected and untreated for an extended period of time, may result in life-threatening complications. The same is true for those who do not adequately control their diabetes. Heart disease, diabetic eye disease, renal disease, nerve damage, hearing impairment, and an increased risk of stroke and Alzheimer’s disease are just a few of the serious problems that type 2 diabetes patients encounter. Keeping a tight eye on blood sugar levels, cholesterol levels, and blood pressure is critical for reducing these risks. The early diagnosis and treatment, a healthy lifestyle, and regular exams will save lives.

Certain Categories Of Individuals Are At A Greater Danger

Although there is no exact reason why some individuals get diabetes and others do not, research indicates that some groups are at a greater risk. Individuals who exhibit the following attributes are at a greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes:

  • Overweight or obese
  • They store the majority of their fat in their midsections (as opposed to their thighs or buttocks)
  • Inactive, with fewer than three days of exercise each week
  • Diabetes runs in the family, with a parent or sibling
  • History of gestational diabetes
  • Prediabetes history
  • Individuals having a history of insulin resistance, such as those suffering from polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).
  • African American, Hispanic American, American Indian, Pacific Islander, and Asian American background.
  • 45 years of age or older
  • People with high triglyceride levels, low HDL cholesterol levels, and high blood pressure.

It Is Manageable And Preventable By A Healthy Lifestyle

One of the most critical things you can do to control type 2 diabetes and live a long life is to adopt a balanced diet and exercise on a regular basis. Because experts have shown conclusively that some risk factors raise your probability, they also know that there is a high likelihood you can avoid or at least postpone the start. Several simple steps you may take to help avoid and manage type 2 diabetes:

  1. Maintain ideal body weight.
  2. Engage in 30 minutes of moderately strenuous physical activity on a daily basis, or intensive exercise three times a week.
  3. Cut down on sugary beverages and saturated fats in your diet. Increase your intake of fruits and vegetables and eliminate processed meals.
  4. Avoid smoking cigarettes, which raises your chance of developing diabetes and heart disease.
  5. If you’ve been diagnosed, monitor your blood sugar regularly and practise proper foot, kidney, blood vessel, and eye care to avoid any problems.

If you’re having trouble altering your eating habits, here’s some advice from Vadym Graifer, author of “The Time Machine Diet," a book about Graifer’s own battle with type 2 diabetes and how he lost 75 pounds by just changing his lifestyle: “Watch out for added sugar. It’s creeping into our diet from everywhere. A majority of processed foods contain it; if it’s in the box, it’s likely to contain sugar. No matter how busy your life is, find the way to prepare and eat real food instead of artificial concoctions overloaded with flavourings, colourings, emulsifiers, and, as the popular saying goes, anything your grandma wouldn’t recognize as food.” 

Finally, experts emphasise that although your doctor may prescribe medicine to aid you in managing diabetes, you should not assume that a pill would solve all of your problems.

People think that because their doctor gave them a medication to control their blood sugar that they no longer have diabetes. This is false,” says integrative podiatrist Dr Suzanne Fuchs, DPM to Healthline. “These patients often feel as though they can take the medication and not watch what they eat or exercise.

Matt Longjohn, MD, MPH, national health officer at YMCA of the USA, adds: “Perhaps the least known thing about type 2 diabetes is that it can often be prevented with just a 5 percent loss of body weight by people who are shown to be at high risk. Many studies have shown this effect in people with prediabetes, and new cases of diabetes have routinely been reduced in this group by 58 percent without a drug or anything other than lifestyle changes.” 

Sources

https://www.healthline.com/health/type-two-diabetes-things-you-should-know

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